• Azerbaijan - a nation of Turkic Muslims - has been an independent republic since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a cease-fire, in place since 1994, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over the Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated). Azerbaijan has lost almost 20% of its territory and must support some 750,000 refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) as a result of the conflict.
    Corruption is ubiquitous and the promise of widespread wealth from Azerbaijan's undeveloped petroleum resources remains largely unfulfilled.
    (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

    border countries: Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey
      Abseron Rayonu Agcabedi Rayonu Agdam Rayonu Agdas Rayonu Agstafa Rayonu Agsu Rayonu Eli Bayramli Seheri Astara Astara Rayonu Baki Sahari Baki Seheri Balaken Rayonu Berde Rayonu Beyleqan Rayonu Bilesuvar Rayonu Cebrayil Rayonu Celilabad Rayonu Daskesen Rayonu Deveci Rayonu Fuzuli Rayonu Gedebey Rayonu Gence Seheri Goranboy Goranboy Rayonu Goychay Goycay Rayonu Hajigabul Haciqabul Rayonu Imisli Rayonu Ismayilli Rayonu Kelbecer Rayonu Kurdemir Rayonu Lacin Rayonu Lenkeran Rayonu Lenkeran Seheri Lerik Rayonu Masalli Rayonu Mingecevir Seheri Naftalan Naftalan Seheri Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi Neftcala Rayonu Oguz Oguz Rayonu Qebele Rayonu Qakh Qax Rayonu Qazakh Qazax Rayonu Qobustan Qobustan Rayonu Quba Quba Rayonu Qubadli Rayonu Qusar Qusar Rayonu Saatli Rayonu Sabirabad Sabirabad Rayonu Seki Rayonu Seki Seheri Salyan Salyan Rayonu Samaxi Rayonu Semkir Rayonu Samukh Samux Rayonu Siyezen Rayonu Sumqayit Seheri Susa Rayonu Susa Seheri Terter Rayonu Tovuz Tovuz Rayonu Ujar Ucar Rayonu Khachmaz Xacmaz Rayonu Xankendi Seheri Khanlar Xanlar Rayonu Xizi Rayonu Xocali Rayonu Xocavend Rayonu Yardimli Rayonu Yevlakh Yevlax Rayonu Yevlax Seheri Zengilan Rayonu Zaqatala Zaqatala Rayonu Zerdab Rayonu
  • Azerbaijan City

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    Official Name:
    Azarbaycan Respublikasi
    short form: Azarbaycan
    int'l long form: Republic of Azerbaijan
    int'l short form: Azerbaijan

    ISO Country Code: az

    Local Time = UTC +4h (DST in Summer +5h)

    Country Calling Code: +994

    Capital City: Baku

    Other Cities: Ali Bayramli, Baki, Ganca, Lankaran, Mingacevir, Naftalan, Saki, Sumqayit, Susa, Xankandi, Yevlax.

    Type: Republic.
    Constitution: Approved in November 1995 referendum.
    Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union).

    Location: South Caucasus; bordered by Russia to the north, the Caspian Sea to the east, Iran to the south, and Georgia and Armenia to the west.
    Area: 33 774 sq. mi. (includes Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh);
    Terrain: Caucasus Mountains to the north, lowland in the central area through which the Kura River flows.

    Climate: Dry, subtropical with hot summers and mild winters; forests, meadows, and alpine tundra in the mountains.

    Nationality: Azerbaijani, Azeri.
    Population: 8 million.
    Ethnic groups: Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9%. Note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by Armenians.
    Religion: Muslim 93.4% (majority Shi'a), Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox Church 2.3%, and other 1.8%.
    Languages: Azerbaijani 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, and other 6%.
    Literacy: 97%.

    Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina.

    Agriculture products: Cotton, tobacco, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats.

    Industries: Petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles.

    Currency: Azerbaijan Manat; beginning January 2006, 1 new Manat (AZN) = 5000 old Manats (AZM).

    Azerbaijan in Figures
    Azerbaijan key statistical data.